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財團法人二十一世紀基金會研究計畫獎勵補助成果報告摘要
2016-05-16 農業中心  
       
  本會2014年研究計畫獎勵補助得獎者台灣大學法律學系黃詩淳副教授,業經審查委員會完成審查作業,並完成辦理審查座談會。獲獎計劃之研究報告摘要如下,

(一)計劃題目:高齡化社會之成年監護:代行決定基準之研究


 
(二)研究成果報告摘要:
 
 
中文摘要
 
  民法第1101條第1項要求監護人必須「為受監護人之利益」來管理財產,並在同條第2項第1款規定,監護人代理受監護人購置或處分不動產,應經法院之許可。這是因為不動產的價值甚大,其處分將影響受監護人的財產狀態甚鉅,故讓法院監督監護人的處分是否妥當。本文發現法院在不同事件採用了相異的三種判斷標準:一、籌措受監護宣告人的生活費;二、改善護養療治環境;三、增加經濟上的利益,以決定是否符合「受監護宣告人之利益」。雖法院多以客觀的利益為基準,然而在某些類型事件例如遺產分割,卻不免受到親屬意願之左右。法院應將親屬的意願作為推測本人期望或價值觀的證據之一,但不是唯一的證據,畢竟親屬的意願未必符合受監護宣告人本人的期望或客觀之最佳利益,因此在實務運用時應特別謹慎。

 
 
Abstract

 

Article 1101 of Taiwan’s Civil Code on the guardian financial decision-making instructs the guardian to “act in the ward’s best interest” on Paragraph 1, and furthermore to “acquire court’s permission on disposition of the ward’s real property” on Paragraph 2 Subsection 1. It is on account that the value of real property is often large enough to affect ward’s life, it is never too careful to request for court’s double-check on the validity of the disposition and put a restriction on the guardian’s authority. Through examining cases, this study found that facing the guardian claim for sale or gift of the real property, courts in Taiwan elaborate “the best interest of the ward” with three standards, namely, the necessity of obtaining funds for living expenses for the ward, the improvement in condition of medical treatment or care, and lastly, the possibility of increasing economic profit. In fact, quite a part of guardians attempt to dispose ward’s real property from a viewpoint of family interest. In certain type of cases, such as the division of inherited property, courts consider the opinions of the ward’s family as more significant than personal and objective interest of the ward and hence permit guardian’s decision. However, family’s intent does not always conform to or vary from ward’s desires or values. This research analyzes whether family’s intent should be a factor of best interest and proposes to what extend could be respected. In light of more than 90% of guardians in Taiwan are served by ward’s family members, it is important to realize the problem and provide clearer guidance.


 
1.黃詩淳成年監護簡報(此檔案限會員資格才可下載,請先登入)